Proteins are very essential especially for pregnant women that should be included in their daily diet. Complete and good quality proteins can be found in the form of milk, pulses, meat, egg and cheese.
Fats known as (EFA) essential fatty acids need to be provided during pregnancy. The fetal organs already have fat content so there are no requirements of additional fat supply.
During pregnancy minerals deficiency can lead to several complications that can have adverse affects on the fetus. Minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, sodium and iodine should be given in good amounts during pregnancy.
Nutrients play very prominent role in the physiological state of the mother and fetus.
Each vitamin has its own significance such as Vitamin A contributes to good vision. Vitamin D is required for calcium metabolism of infant. Vitamin E helps in avoiding abortions. Vitamin K helps in preventing neo natal haemorrhages. Vitamin B6 or Folic acid is very important as it prevents serious birth defects.
Fibers should be included in diet to avoid constipation during pregnancy. Diet should comprise of large amounts of fibers in the form of vegetables, fruits, grain cereals, and soups.
Water consumption at regular intervals is considered very important as it keeps the body hydrated, avoids constipation and flushes out any toxins that might be produced.
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