Vitamins

Facts You Need To Know About Vitamins

Vitamins can be defined as the organic substance which is required by the body in minute quantity. These organic substances do not provide energy to your body but they are essential for the proper functioning of the other nutrients. The food sources contain vitamins in inactive form known as provitamins. And chemically they are converted into active form or vitamins inside the body. Vitamins are classified into 2 categories: Fat-soluble Vitamins and Water-soluble Vitamins.

Fat-Soluble Vitamins:

  • There are four groups of vitamins included in this category: A, D, E, and K vitamins.
  • Fat soluble vitamins get stored in your adipose tissue and liver. They are not excreted easily by the body like the water soluble vitamins.
  • These vitamins are found abundantly in your body and contains fat component. And because of this reason you can live long even without eating for days.
  • The main source of these fat soluble fats is plant oils and fish oils.
  • The risk of toxicity is more with the over dose of these vitamins especially with vitamins K
  • A and D. So it is highly important for you take only the recommended dose of these vitamins.

Water-Soluble Vitamins:

  • This category includes vitamin B, C, Folic Acid, Biotin and Pantothenic Acid. They are easily circulated throughout your body via blood stream.
  • They are easily excreted through urine except for vitamin B12.
  • Water soluble vitamins are also known as “energy drivers”. They are named so because they act as coenzymes for the catabolic reactions hence releasing energy.
  • These vitamins are also called as “cell multiplier” as they assist in the production of red blood cells and the cells of the intestine and stomach lining.
  • As these vitamins are excreted in the urine under normal dosage hence taking extra dose is a waste.
  • They are easily absorbed from the food source which you eat as compared to the artificial supplement.
  • The risk of toxicity is less as there are small chances of accumulation of these vitamins in your body due to overdose.

If you eat a proper and balanced diet then there would be no need for you to take artificial supplements. Be careful will cooking your food as half of the vitamins are destroyed while cooking. Lastly, it is advisable for you take only the recommended dose of vitamins.

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